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  2. The Maroons were escaped slaves. They ran away from their Spanish-owned plantations when the British took the Caribbean island of Jamaica from Spain in 1655. The word maroon comes from the Spanish word ‘cimarrones‘, which meant ‘mountaineers’. They fled to the mountainous areas of Jamaica, where it was difficult for their owners to follow and catch them, and formed independent communities as free men and women. As more slaves were imported from Africa to work on the developing sugar plantations, and the population of enslaved Africans grew on Jamaica, there were more rebellions by the slaves. Some of the rebel slaves disappeared into the mountains and joined the Maroon communities. As the Maroon population grew, the Jamaican government decided to defeat the Maroons once and for all. They were seen as a constant threat by the government. The First Maroon War began in 1728. The campaign against them made the Maroons more determined than ever. Under their leader called Cudjoe, the Maroons fought back. In 1739, the British and the Maroons made peace. The freedom of the Maroons was recognised and their land was given to them. The Maroons were to govern themselves. In return they would support the British government in Jamaica against foreign invasion and would help capture rebel slaves and runaways from the plantations and return them to their owners. Although this agreement might seem strange now, it was one way for the Maroons to live in peace with the island’s government. Pictured here is a drawing entitled Pacification with the Maroon Negroes, dated 1801. It is an imaginary view of a meeting between British soldiers and Maroons. It is not clear whether it is meant to be of the 1739 or the 1795 peace agreement. The leaders of the Maroons did meet British officers to accept a peace agreement offered to them. Credit: National Maritime Museum. There were many years of peace between the Maroons and the British in Jamaica. But, in 1795, the new Governor of Jamaica, Balcarres, decided to deal with some minor breaches of the peace treaty by a community of Maroons called the Trelawney Town Maroons. The plantation owners asked the governor not to take action. They felt that an agreement should be reached with the Maroons to maintain the peace of the town. The governor went ahead against this advice, arresting several of the leaders of Trelawney Town. This started the Second Maroon War. 300 Maroons in Trelawney Town held out against 1500 troops and 3000 local volunteer troops. After five months of fighting, the undefeated Maroons were offered an agreement for peace. When they surrendered their arms, the Governor cheated on the peace agreement offered. The Maroons were arrested and, against the agreement they had accepted, were transported off the island to Nova Scotia, on the east coast of north America, and later went to Sierra Leone, West Africa. Leonard Parkinson was one of the leaders of the Maroons, he was active in the Second Maroon War. The local authorities put a price on his head of £50, (about £2,500 today), wanted dead or alive. Parkinson, pictured below, was known as the Captain of the Maroons. Credit: www.johnhorse.com Trelawney Town was the largest of the Maroon settlements on the island of Jamaica. The image pictured below of Trelawney Town shows the British soldiers riding in to attack the town. The Maroons are surrounding them, ready to resist, and would beat them back. Maroons were known for their skilful tactics in combat, whereby they relied on their knowledge of the surrounding environment to outwit the attackers. Credit: National Maritime Museum. Some additional info from an interview with a breadrin who knows a thing or two about the history about the Maroons and how they came to be. YouTube Video Credit: I Never Knew Tv How much did you know about the "The maroons of Jamaica"? comment below.
  3. Jamaican Patois, is expressive, colourful and, to a non-Jamaican, often confusing. The Jamaican language is largely a derivative of Spanish, English and African influences on the country through its colonial history. Although the official language of Jamaica is English, many Jamaicans speak Patois in casual everyday conversation. Here are 15 Jamaican Patois phrases to know and use on your next visit to Jamaica. 1. Small up yuhself A useful expression to know when using crowded buses or taxis; Small up yuhself quite literally means to make some room. 2. Mi Soon Come This Jamaican expression means literally: I’ll be right there. However if you’re told mi soon come, don’t be fooled. Island time is much slower than the rest of the world and this expression should be interpreted as meaning anything from a few hours to a few days. 3. Weh yuh ah seh Literally translated as ‘what are you saying’, but actually meaning ‘how are you doing’. For example: Weh yuh a seh? Mi deh try call yuh means, ‘How are you doing? I’ve been trying to call you.’ 4. Inna di morrows Used when saying goodbye. The literal translation would be ‘In the tomorrows’, meaning ‘see you later’. 5. Duppy Conqueror Bob Marley sang about them in Duppy Conqueror and Ian Fleming mentions them in Live and Let Die. In a land where superstition reigns by day and duppies (spirits) haunt by night, religion is more than just saying your prayers before you go to bed in Jamaica. This expression implies a fearless person overcoming obstacles and difficulties. The literal translation is ‘ghost conqueror’. 6. Mash up This phrase means damage or destroy. For example, Mi mash up mi fone means ‘I’ve broken my phone’. This is a popular expression and even road-signs will advise drivers to mash up yuh brakes. Meaning slow down. 7. Bless Up Religion peppers all aspects of Jamaican life and wishing people a good day is often done by using the expression bless up. Blessings can also be used. 8. Wah Gwaan This is probably the most well known Jamaican greeting and was even used by US President Barack Obama during his inaugural visit to Jamaica. Wah Gwaan is a casual greeting to enquire how somebody is or what’s up. 9. Mi deh yah, yuh know Impress locals with this handy phrase which is often used in response to Wah Gwaan. The secret is in the pronunciation and the trick is to say it fast – almost as one word. While the literal translation is ‘I am here’, the implied meaning is ‘everything is ok’, or ‘I’m doing well’. 10. Lickkle more Meaning see ‘you later’ or ‘goodbye’. For example, mi see yuh likkle more den – I’ll see you later then. 11. John-crow, yuh waan flap a wing John-crow is a Jamaican bird, known commonly across North America as the turkey buzzard. The expression yuh waan flap a wing, no doubt familiar to dancehall aficionados, is a term used to ask a girl to dance. 12. Chaka-Chaka If something is chaka-chaka it means poor quality, disorganized and messy. 13. Raggamuffin This is a term used to describe a streetwise, tough guy. It’s also a type of music usually abbreviated as ragga and is a subgenre of dancehall music and reggae. 14. Kick Up Rumpus To Kick up rumpus means to have a riotous good time. It was also the title of a hit 1985 song by Colourman and Jackie Knockshot. Share your thought on which one is you favourite, which one have you used before.
  4. Yes Jev..... as you said not really a favourite but stew chicken would be mine.
  5. All of them me a seh.. maybe not so much the stew peas still
  6. We know that Jamaica has some amazing dish, comment below on which is your favourite even if it is not listed 1. Jerk chicken and jerk pork 2. Ackee and Saltfish 3. Curry chicken and or goat with white rice 4. Oxtails with white or rice and peas 5. Red Peas Soup 6. Rice and peas (goes with almost any and everything) 7. Stew peas 8. Escoveitched fish 9. Brown stew chicken 10. Cornmeal porridge
  7. Vacations are supposed to be relaxing, but it’s hard to unwind when you’re constantly stressing about how you’re going to pay for your time away. Whether it’s a road trip, which takes you off the unbeaten path; a cruise, or another much-needed getaway to an all-inclusive resort, now is the time to start saving up for that vacation you’ve been dreaming of for months. Michael Collins, sales development specialist at JN Bank, advises that persons should start saving for their vacation months or even a year in advance to ensure they don’t derail their lives, or finances, in order to enjoy their get-a-way. “With a little creativity, you can bulk up your bank account and be ready to hit the road or beach in style, without going into debt to do it,” he said. Mr Collins provides three strategies to save for your next vacation. “Saving money is something many of us struggle with, but a dream vacation is perfect motivation to get many of us started,” he said. Open a Dedicated Vacation Bank Account One easy way to save for a special trip is to open a dedicated vacation savings account. If you choose a high-yield savings account, your money might even grow a bit while you’re looking forward to your trip. You can open a savings or vacation account at your local bank. “Some institutions, like JN Bank, offer a special vacation account for persons who want to save specifically for that purpose,” he guided. “The goal is to ensure that your vacation savings are kept separately from your regular savings to safeguard against you withdrawing the money.” Set up automatic payments into the account, and, with a little restraint, leave that money there until it’s time for your trip. Further build up your vacation account balance by depositing any $100, $500 or $1,000 bills that you receive as change from everyday purchases. Funnel any extra money — like a work bonus or birthday cash — into your vacation fund as well. “If you have a side job and don’t rely on the income to cover your essential expenses, then you can also save that money toward your upcoming getaway. Create a Savings Goal If you budget for your trip in advance, you don’t have to spend time stressing over your spending while you’re on vacation. Research the costs of your expected expenditures, such as airfare, rental cars, gas, hotel stays, meals, souvenirs, special excursions and tickets to attractions or events. After totaling those costs, you’ll have an estimation of how much you’ll need to save. Now work backwards to reach your savings goal. Divide your estimated vacation cost by the number of months you have before taking your trip to figure out how much money to set aside each month. For example, if you’re taking a US$2,400 vacation a year from now, you’d need to save US$200 a month to fund your getaway. If your vacation date isn’t set in stone, you could figure out how much you’d like to save monthly and divide your total estimated vacation cost by your monthly savings amount to figure out when you can afford to take your trip. Using the US$2,400 vacation example, if you could only afford to save US$150 a month, you’d have the funds for your trip 16 months from now. Cut Back on Your Monthly Food Budget For many households, especially those with little ones or teenagers, food can be a huge monthly expense. Shave a little off the top and in no time, you’ll notice you’ve got some extra cash to put toward your getaway. Save money by buying in bulk or by shopping at the local market. Better yet, shop at participating JN discount providers and access between five and 20 per cent discount under the JN Group’s “Show Your Card & Save” members’ loyalty programme. For more details, visit our website at JN Rewards for the over 200 participating merchants island-wide. Also, start a garden in your backyard, or save on produce by re-growing vegetables, such as hot and sweet peppers, as well as escallion, at home. Or simply look for a few items you don’t really need, such as soda and sweet treats, and keep them out of your grocery cart, while you’re saving for your vacation. Wouldn’t that ice cream taste even better if you were eating it on the beach? Share your thoughts on this tip and let us know if this is something you had done before.
  8. Whether your dream is to sip cocktails in front of spectacular ocean views, explore fascinating port cities in exotic Caribbean destinations, or simply be pampered with a different spa treatment every day, a Caribbean Cruise can undeniably offer the vacation of a lifetime. However, planning a cruise can sometimes be a challenging task, especially if you’re a novice cruiser. Pick the time of year you’d like to cruise. Conversely, cruising during a certain month may save you money if a location experiences rains or cold temperatures. This less desirable weather is known as the “shoulder” of a cruise route. Consider where you would like to cruise. If you’re not sure, narrow it down by what you prefer most. Do you want warm weather or are you more interested in cities and culture? Do you hope to relax on board the cruise, get out into jungles or mountains or take up a new surfing hobby while cruising? Read reviews of cruise routes and cruise companies. Websites such as Cruisediva.com or Smarter Travel offer reviews as well as a comparison of major cruise lines by personality type and trip ambience. Begin to put together a budget for your cruise, once you’ve narrowed down the time and location. Begin to put together a budget for your cruise. Once you’ve narrowed down the time and location it’s to check prices. Price cruises by asking travel agents, surfing travel websites such as leisureja.com or posting your preferred itinerary on trip auction site Cruisecompete.com, which allows travel agents to bid for your cruise business. Also search Internet travel booking sites and individual cruise company websites to get an idea of prices. Save for your cruise. Once you’ve determined the price, it’s time to start saving towards your vacation. You can open a savings or vacation account at your local bank. Some institutions, like JN Bank, offer a special vacation accounts for persons who want to save specifically for that purpose. Book a cruise when you’ve committed to a destination and time frame. If you have a flexible schedule, you can save on a last-minute deal or by going during off seasons. Purchase airfare. If air travel is not a part of your cruise package, you will need to book your flights. Determine whether you would like to stay for a few extra days before or after your cruise to check out the area on land. If you have the extra time, you can see and do more things on land, saving your ship time for relaxation. Review cruise brochures to plan your travel excursions. Book shore excursions online before you cruise; some excursions may sell out. Pack For Day And Night. The dress code for cruise vacations is typically casual by day, but can be more elegant at night, depending on the ship and the event you’re attending. For Caribbean and other warm-weather destinations, beachwear is usually the style of choice, although some of the specialty restaurants aboard ship call for something a little more formal for dinner. Bring a light sweater or jacket, even for warm climates, in case you find the evening air or the air-conditioned spaces on ship a little cool. Check for Documentation. Guests are responsible for obtaining all required travel documents and must have them available when necessary. Appropriate valid travel documents, such as passport, visas, vaccination certificate and family legal documents are required for boarding and re-entry into the United States and other countries. Don’t Be Late for Boarding. Be sure to confirm the exact boarding and departure time for your cruise. If you’re traveling to the port city, consider arriving there a day early so you don’t have to rush. Ready to sail away? It’s time to turn that cruise fantasy into a reality. come back and share with us your experiences
  9. HI @RealAnn, welcome to the forum. I trust you had a wonderful time is Jamaica . Unless you knew of someone in the community I would recommend just getting something from the airports. there are several rental services available there and are usually reasonable.
  10. I have recently come to Jamaica for the holidays. I will stay here for a week. I was wondering if anyone could point me to the nearest DMV service or tell me what cars are better to rent in Jamaica. I have recently found a car owner at this Jacars website online. He seems trustworthy. How much does it cost to rent a car in Jamaica? What documents do you need? What car would you rent for this part of the world?
  11. Deano

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  12. Deano

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  13. Hey guys, did any of you went to sumfest 2019? if you did, what was your highlight? if you did get the opportunity to attend, have seen any clips on YouTube etc? share your thoughts
  14. Deano

    Some Reggae Classic

    Enjoy
  15. Stretch beyond the sun lounger and discover why there's more to this Caribbean island than beach-hopping and rum punch, says Priya Joshi "No woman, no cry," sings our tour guide at the Bob Marley Museum as he shows us around the grand former home and recording studio of the Jamaican icon in the heart of Kingston. With his exaggerated patois, his super-chilled vibe and a tendency to explain everything through Marley's lyrics, our guide is the personification of all the cliches you've ever heard about Jamaica. There's no denying the laid-back attitude of the people and the sense of decadence that comes with lounging under the shadows of palm trees on Jamaica's pristine sandy beaches. But there is even more to discover in this country beyond the Jamaica you know. Happy hour flows with the real liquid gold Jamaica is famous for its rum, but it's also the home of some of the world's finest coffee. Hidden away in the Blue Mountains, the longest mountain range in Jamaica you'll find the Craighton Coffee Estate in Irish Town. Introduced to Jamaica in 1728, the red berries of the Arabica coffee bean are highly prized, and coffees certified by the Coffee Industry Board of Jamaica are considered to be some of the best in the world. Picked by local women, the beans go through an intensive selection process and are medium-roasted and ground on site, while whole beans are also retained for use as the flavour base in Tia Maria. Bop to Bob - but there's so much more At the Trenchtown Culture Yard, a former 1930s housing project that has been transformed into a makeshift museum housing music memorabilia from the early years of the Jamaican music scene, we receive an education in the philosophy of Bob Marley. But while his far-reaching influence can be felt on every street corner, the sounds of Jamaica go beyond the musical icon. At 11pm, under the cloak of darkness, we journey into the depths of the Blue Mountains' forests where reggae beats pulsate from an otherwise unassuming homestead. This is the Kingston Dub Club, a place where time seems to stand still as the music plays and a crowd gathers in a sweet smoke-filled yard, gyrating to infectious rhythms. Beaches aren't the only place to make a splash The soft, sandy beaches are a lure for honeymooners, but the luscious vegetation of Jamaica also presents an unspoilt paradise. Set in the hills above Ocho Rios at Island Gully Falls, a short trek through exotic forest leads you to a cove where enchanted tourists are hypnotically drawn to the crystal waterfalls and enticed to walk through the rushing water, while the more adventurous swing on a rope or leap off the mountain rock into a cold pool. For an adventure on dry land, follow the waterfall trail at Holywell Nature Park, a moderate walk of 1.3km, that only takes an hour and is free to do. There's more to a meal than jerk Jerk chicken with rice and peas is a favourite staple in Jamaica, and while the spicy seasoning is used to flavour many dishes, there are a variety of local delicacies to challenge the palate. Follow in the footsteps of Marilyn Monroe at the luxurious Jamaica Inn at Ocho Rios, where you can experience an authentic Jamaican breakfast of ackee and saltfish for £15, as the sun rises over the white sands. Popular with the locals, Triple T'z in Kingston is an eclectic eatery, where beer bottles serve as chandeliers. Spicy kidney-bean broth precedes hearty meals of oxtail and goat curry with sweet plantain, while bubble gum-pink oti apple makes for a refreshing juice. At the Great House, a former plantation in Yaaman Adventure Park, you can experience a Flavours of Jamaica cooking lesson, set in the perfectly pruned ornamental gardens. On the veranda, a hot griddle smokes as we try our hand at cooking jerk chicken and callaloo with crunchy fried dough festivals (a type of dumpling). Pellew: An island beyond an island... Get a glimpse of the palatial holiday homes of the rich and famous, with a boat tour around Pellew Island. The boatmen are ready and waiting, so there's no booking in advance - just pay 5185 JMD/£30 for a 45-minute ride when you rock up. Frenchman's Cove Resort, an exclusive 45-acre private estate in Jamaica, is the perfect end to the trip, as we paddle in the refreshing hot and cold-water streams, dive into the ocean, and bask in the sun on the soft beach with a new-found skill for chilling - Jamaica style. How to get there A standard king room (based on two sharing) at Spanish Court Hotel, Kingston starts from £160 per night, including breakfast. A balcony suite (based on two sharing) at Jamaica Inn, Ocho Rios starts from £275 per night (excluding taxes and fees). British Airways (ba.com) fly from London Gatwick to Kingston from £562 return. (All prices above may change depending on when you are viewing this post.) For more information and inspiration on travelling to Jamaica, go to visitjamaica.com. Source.
  16. The United States (US) Department of State has issued a travel advisory for its citizens travelling to the Caribbean island. In the advisory, the Department of State issued a level-two warning calling for visitors to "exercise increased caution" in Jamaica due to crime while adding that, "violent crime, such as home invasions, armed robberies, and homicide is common." There are four travel advisory warning levels, ranging from "exercise normal precautions" to "do not travel." The advisory, which was issued on Friday, claimed that "sexual assaults occur frequently, including at all-inclusive resorts." Jamaica's tourism product was negatively highlighted in October of last year, when a national newspaper in America, USA Today, reported that the island's tourism sector was facing a 'historic' sexual assault problem. USA Today published that 12 Americans were allegedly raped in Jamaica in 2017, with half of them inside gated resorts by hotel employees. That USA report followed an incident in September last year, where two female tourists were allegedly raped by an entertainment coordinator at a popular resort in St James. The Detroit Free Press, another American news media, released an investigation about two US females, who were raped by three employees at a popular hotel resort Jamaica's north coast. In response to the sexual assault allegations within the tourism sector, tourism minister Edmund Bartlett had ordered an intensive security audit of the sector, including hotels and attractions island-wide. The second phase of the security audit being undertaken by the Tourism Product Development Company Limited (TPDCo), is to be completed in June of this year. Meanwhile, Friday's travel advisory for Jamaica has warned US citizens not to visit certain neighbourhoods of Kingston and Montego Bay, because "violence and shootings occur regularly" in those areas. It also noted that US government personnel are barred from driving outside of certain neighbourhoods of Kingston at night. The travel advisory listed the following areas that Americans should avoid when travelling to Kingston, because of violence: "Cassava Piece, Downtown Kingston, defined as between Mountain View Avenue and Hagley Park Road, and south of Half Way Tree and Old Hope Roads. Downtown Kingston includes Trench Town, Tivoli Gardens, and Arnett Gardens, Grants Pen and Standpipe." According to the Travel Advisory, "violence and shootings occur regularly in some areas of Montego Bay. Do not travel to the following areas: Canterbury, Clavers Street, Flankers, Hart Street, Norwood (and) Rose Heights." The advisory said Spanish Town in its entirety should not be visited. "Local police lack the resources to respond effectively to serious criminal incidents," the US Department of State noted it’s advisory. However, the US government told it, citizens, that if they decided to travel to Jamaica they should: "Avoid walking or driving at night, avoid public buses, avoid secluded places or situations, including in resorts, do not physically resist any robbery attempt, be aware of your surroundings and keep a low profile," the advisory stated. "Enrol in the Smart Traveler Enrollment Program (STEP) to receive Alerts and make it easier to locate you in an emergency, follow the Department of State on Facebook and Twitter and eview the Crime and Safety Report for Jamaica." Meanwhile, the US State Department has level-two travel advisories in 57 countries, including popular travel destinations such as France, Germany, Spain, and the Netherlands, according to US media reports. Those advisories mostly stem from an uptick in terrorism concerns in Western Europe. Antarctica also has a level-two travel advisory because of "environmental hazards posed by extreme and unpredictable weather." Fourteen level-three advisories are presently issued. There are 12 level-four advisories, including cautions against all travel to Haiti because of "crime and civil unrest." Those who visit that country are advised by the State Department to ensure they are not being followed upon leaving the airport and to secure medical evacuation insurance before visiting. Source..
  17. Hello @JackieJ, welcome . Used are definitely better than nothing. I really don't understand why they would look down on a second hand car. I've seen some police cars in ja that doesn't seems roadworthy so so of these cars they are on offer woukd certainly be better.
  18. So the news says that 'Used cars not suitable for police work'. But it's better than nothing, right? I wish all people could afford buying new cars only. It's not the case for Jamaica. I have friends at Jacars and they say that people sell hundreds of used cars a day. They are pretty much cheaper, but still in a good shape. So I see no reason why our police can't drive used cars as well. We have so many gaps we need to close in our economy. You better use this money to improve medicine instead of buying new cars.
  19. Jamaica is an island country situated in the Caribbean Sea, consisting of the third-largest island of the Greater Antilles. While many people associate Jamaica with coconuts, rum, and lilting accents, the country has a lot more to offer. With these 60 interesting facts about Jamaica, let’s learn more about its history, culture, people, flag, reggae music, and some weird and funny facts. 1. The original inhabitants of Jamaica cultivated corn and yams. Today, Jamaica is famous for cultivating sugar cane, bananas, and mangoes, none of which are indigenous. 2. Jamaica produces Blue Mountain Coffee, a highly sought-after and expensive coffee that is popular across the globe. It is one of the rarest coffees in the world. 3. In 1988, Jamaica was the first tropical country to send a bobsledding team to the Winter Olympics (Bobsledding – a winter sport in which teams of two or four teammates make timed runs down narrow, twisting, banked, iced tracks in a gravity-powered sled. The timed runs are combined to calculate the final score.) 4. Jamaica is home to over 200 species of exotic orchid, 73 of which are indigenous. 5. With 3 winners and 3 runners-up in the Miss World competitions, Jamaica truly does boast some of the most beautiful women in the world. 6. In 1994, Jamaica was the first Caribbean country to launch a website – www.jamaicatravel.com. 7. Jamaican, Kool Herc, is responsible for starting rap and hip-hop music. Google celebrated the 44th Anniversary of the Birth of Hip Hop with a Doodle on their home page on August 11, 2017. 8. Established in Jamaica in 1865, The Manchester Golf Club is the oldest in the western hemisphere. 9. Despite being predominantly Christian, Jamaica’s Jewish residents are among the oldest on the island. 10. The “healing waters of Jamaica” are made up of several natural mineral baths and hot springs that are thought to have therapeutic properties. 11. Surprisingly, Rastafarians make up less than 5% of the total Jamaican population. 12. AT&T copied Jamaica’s telephone system. 13. While it may be widely spoken, Jamaican Creole or Patois is not a written language. 14. Jamaica’s Kingston Harbor is the seventh-largest natural harbor in the world. 15. Jamaica has one of the highest numbers of rum bars per square mile – a pleasant surprise for many visiting rum connoisseurs. 16. Cranberry is a sought-after luxury item in Jamaica. 17. Jamaica has more multiple live births (wherein the mother delivers two or more offspring.) than any other country in the world. 18. In 1688, Jamaica was the first British colonial territory to establish a postal service. 19. Reciting The Lord’s Prayer is a mandatory part of the morning proceedings in all public schools. 20. Jamaica was the first commercial producer of bananas in the Western world. 21. Chicken is probably the true favorite among Jamaican meat eaters. 22. Jamaica is home to the fastest man in the world, Usain Bolt. 23. Back in the late 1400s, Christopher Columbus referred to Jamaica as “the fairest isle that eyes ever beheld”. 24. Jamaica is among the happiest places in the world. 25. Milk River Bath is known to be the most radioactive mineral spa in the world. 10 Facts About Jamaican Culture 26. The most common greeting in Jamaica is a firm handshake accompanied by direct eye contact and a genuinely warm smile. Once they have been properly acquainted and a friendship has struck, women will hug and kiss on each cheek, starting from the right. Related: 77 Interesting facts about Puerto Rico 27. In Jamaican culture, it is appropriate to wait until invited before using a new acquaintance’s first name. 28. Table manners in Jamaica are “Continental”. This means that the fork is held in the left hand and the knife in the right. Meals are generally served buffet style, with guests serving themselves from a bountiful spread. It is considered polite to have a taste of everything offered, and finishing every item on one’s own plate is a mark of good manners. 29. The island of Jamaica has one of the highest numbers of churches per capita in the world. 30. The family is of the utmost importance and includes a close-knit web of aunts, uncles, cousins, and grandparents. 31. Trust (or rather, a distrust of those in authority) is a major part of Jamaican culture. Jamaicans would rather place their faith in friends and family than trust any person with “official” status. For example, they prefer to form a “partner” with friends and family rather than go to a bank to secure a financial loan. 32. Due to the fact that its inhabitants stem from all four corners of the world, Jamaican cuisine is quite literally a melting pot of many culinary influences. The country’s national dish is Ackee and Saltfish, with jerk chicken, curried goat or mutton, and oxtail with broad beans bringing up the rear. 33. Despite the many hardships faced by Jamaicans, in general, they are a laid back people. The popular phrase, “No Problem Mon,” or some variation thereof is a fairly accurate summary of the Jamaican attitude. 34. Jamaica is the largest English-speaking island in the Caribbean. Although the national language of Jamaica is English, most people speak Patois, an English-based Creole language with strong West African influences. 35. The Hon. Louise Bennett Coverly (Miss Lou) is often thought of as Jamaica’s cultural hero. She played a large role in the promotion of Patois as a legitimate (and celebrated) means of communication. 36. In 1962, Jamaica was the first Caribbean country to gain independence from the United Kingdom. 37. Despite claiming independence, Jamaica chose to remain a member of the Commonwealth. Therefore, Queen Elizabeth II is still their head of state. 38. In 1845, 20 years after the first railway was built in Great Britain, Jamaica was the first Western country, outside of Europe and North America, to construct railway lines. 39. The original inhabitants of Jamaica were the Taino. Unfortunately, once conquered by Spain, the Taino came desperately close to extinction due to slavery and disease. 40. During the 19th century, many Spanish and British countries helped populate Jamaica with freed African slaves. Today, many people are direct descendants of these first settlers. 41. In 1997, Jamaica made history by becoming the first English-speaking Caribbean country to qualify for the World Cup. 42. Rum, the national drink of Jamaica, has been an important part of the country’s history since the 17th century. 43. Jamaica’s national motto, “Out of Many, One people,” was made official in 1962. 44. The national flag of Jamaica is one of two in the world that have no colors in common with the U.S. flag. Wondering which one is the other? It is Mauritania’s flag. 45. Jamaica was the first country to take a stand and officially impose economic sanctions against the former Apartheid regime of South Africa. 46. Whenever they leave the country, tourists are required to pay a $22 departure tax. 47. As the base of its economy, tourism is the most important industry in Jamaica. 48. Jamaicans are big on hospitality, which is why two of the country’s airports have VIP lounges to welcome tourists with that authentic Jamaican vibe. 49. There are 50 public beaches dotted around the island that are open to tourists. The most famous of these are Negril and Doctor’s Cave Beach in Montego Bay. 50. Over the last few years, Jamaica has consistently been ranked among the top five of the world’s top tourist destinations. 51. Bob Marley’s “Legend” is the highest selling reggae record of all time. 52. Worth a whopping $22 million, Shaggy is the richest living reggae artist. If Bob Marley were still alive, analysts predict that he would be worth $130 million. 53. Reggae was developed almost by accident in Kingston after rocksteady, which came about after ska. 54. Since its invention, Reggae has been a vessel for musicians to express political and social views. It has been tied to the Rastafari movement for many years. 55. There are more than 200 reggae festivals around the world each year. 56. In Jamaica, they drive on the left side of the road. 57. There are only 8 species of snake indigenous to Jamaica and none of them are venomous. 58. Port Royal in Jamaica used to be called ‘The wickedest city on Earth’. 59. Ian Flemming wrote all 14 James Bond novels while he was living in Jamaica. 60. The second main indigenous people of Jamaica were the Arawak. They called this island “Xaymaca” which means “Land of Wood and Water”.
  20. Jamaica is an island country situated in the Caribbean Sea. Spanning 10,990 square kilometres (4,240 sq mi) in area, it is the third-largest island of the Greater Antilles and the fourth-largest island country in the Caribbean. Jamaica lies about 145 kilometres (90 mi) south of Cuba, and 191 kilometres (119 mi) west of Hispaniola (the island containing the countries of Haiti and the Dominican Republic). Previously inhabited by the indigenous Arawak and Taíno peoples, the island came under Spanish rule following the arrival of Christopher Columbus in 1494. Many of the indigenous people died of disease, and the Spanish transplanted African slaves to Jamaica as labourers. The island remained a possession of Spain until 1655, when England (later Great Britain) conquered it and renamed it Jamaica. Under British colonial rule Jamaica became a leading sugar exporter, with its plantation economy highly dependent on African slaves. The British fully emancipated all slaves in 1838, and many freedmen chose to have subsistence farms rather than to work on plantations. Beginning in the 1840s, the British utilized Chinese and Indian indentured labour to work on plantations. The island achieved independence from the United Kingdom on 6 August 1962. With 2.9 million people, Jamaica is the third-most populous Anglophone country in the Americas (after the United States and Canada), and the fourth-most populous country in the Caribbean. Kingston is the country's capital and largest city, with a population of 937,700. Jamaicans mainly have African ancestry, with significant European, Chinese, Indian, Lebanese, and mixed-race minorities. Due to a high rate of emigration for work since the 1960s, Jamaica has a large diaspora around the world, particularly in Canada, the United Kingdom, and the United States. Jamaica is an upper-middle income country with an average of 4.3 million tourists a year. Jamaica is a Commonwealth realm, with Queen Elizabeth II as its monarch and head of state. Her appointed representative in the country is the Governor-General of Jamaica, an office held by Sir Patrick Allen since 2009. Andrew Holness has served as the head of government and Prime Minister of Jamaica from March 2016. Jamaica is a parliamentary constitutional monarchy with legislative power vested in the bicameral Parliament of Jamaica, consisting of an appointed Senate and a directly elected House of Representatives. Red More..
  21. For a genre that’s influenced sounds across the world, it’s still shut out from receiving music’s biggest accolade In 2015, Justin Bieber’s “Sorry” reginited pop music’s interest in dancehall. A slew of dancehall-dipped records followed, from Drake’s “Controlla” to Ed Sheeran’s “Shape of You” to Rihanna’s “Work”, that drew on sounds borne in the streets of Kingston. Off-brand, Caribbean-adjacent music was becoming the norm, and it was usually being made by non-Jamaican producers and artists who had been inspired by (or co-opted, appropriated, copied, etc.) the sonic aesthetic of dancehall. All this was proof of what every dancehall fan already knew: the genre, and its culture, are influential. Some of those very same artists have been nominated for awards at the Grammys this weekend. Given the fact that the unruly, rugged, no-nonsense cousin of reggae has contributed to some of their success, shouldn’t the Grammys be honouring dancehall and its artists with their own category? It’s not that the cultural production of black folks needs to be validated by an institution to be seen as legitimate. Black artists have historically been snubbed by the Grammys, but even without the approval of the mostly white, wealthy, older American voting body that determines who belongs in the musical canon, the music has done just fine. Still, it would be a turning point if dancehall artists also had an industry-recognised accolade to strive towards, and the opportunity to perform at a ceremony that’s broadcast nationally and disseminated around the world. You could argue that there aren’t enough dancehall artists releasing full albums to justify getting its own category. That’s true, but while it’s typical for dancehall artists to jump on riddims and release a collection of singles throughout the year rather than a full-length project, something that’s particular to Jamaican music and which other genres don’t typically subscribe to, we’ve seen the Grammys make accomodations for a changing musical landscape in the past: Chance the Rapper received seven nominations with Coloring Book in 2016 after the Recording Academy adjusted their rules to allow streaming-only releases, while this year they changed their definitions of certain genres to open up their Best Alternative Music and Best Regional Roots Music Album categories to more contemporary trends. Even if dancehall artists were creating albums more frequently, where would they be placed? Last summer, Popcaan released his second studio album, Forever, a textured and cohesive work from an artist whose popularity has far surpassed the borders of Jamaica. If Forever was a candidate for an award, no distinct dancehall category exists. They could maybe place it in Best Reggae Album, but that would be inadequate – despite some shared roots, reggae and dancehall are two distinct genres of music. "The Grammys... need to account for the influence that international music styles are having not just in their locales, but increasingly in the realm of western pop culture too" It’s not unheard of for the Grammys to add, remove, or modify categories, as they’ve done in the past when trying to modernise the Gospel/Contemporary Christian Music categories. There’s also clearly room for specialty/niche genres, like its existing Latin category. Dancehall is a good candidate to consider for its own category, where its artists can be considered for both traditional awards (Best Dancehall Performance, Best Dancehall Song, Best Dancehall Album) as well as the ‘big four’ (Record of the Year, Album of the Year, Song of the Year, and Best New Artist). There could even be some mobilisation towards making genre-specific categories, like Best Production or Riddim. YouTube used to be the platform of choice for many dancehall artists to distribute and disseminate their records. Today, most dancehall artists have their catalogues distributed either independently or through 21st Street Hapilos. But even when records are digitally available, they often aren’t categorised properly. On Apple Music, for example, dancehall records are frequently filed as ‘reggae’ or ‘modern dancehall’. This may be a fault with distribution service providers – digital distributors like CD Baby and DistroKid have limited genre options available for artists to choose from when uploading, so, naturally, records get mislabelled once they arrive on streaming platforms. Similarly, on the Billboard music charts, dancehall and reggae aren’t seen as two different genres, so dancehall artists are often seen on the reggae charts. For the National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences to even consider dancehall streams as a means to collect data or measure success on a given record or album, it would require some kind of reform from other sects of the industry as well. As music consumption shifts, so too are the demographics of who’s listening. Streaming giants like Spotify are tapping more into previously unexplored markets (Asia, Latin America, Africa, etc.), and if the Grammys wants to really commit to making a ceremony that’s responsive to these trends, they need to account for the influence that international music styles are having not just in their locales, but increasingly in the realm of western pop culture too. In the 90s, artists like SuperCat, Patra, Shabba Ranks, and Beenie Man were able to make successful dancehall crossovers, while the early to mid-00s welcomed Vybz Kartel and Sean Paul into the fold. Last year, Popcaan and Spice released albums, with Spice’s Captured reaching number one on the reggae chart and Popcaan’s Forever reaching number two as well as debuting on the Billboard 200 (Popcaan recently signed to Drake’s OVO Sound label, too). Given the genre’s widespread influence, how frequently artists from other genres look towards it, and how its artists have really made strides towards crossing over, there’s no reason why it shouldn’t be included in the award ceremony and its practitioners recognised for their contributions. The Recording Academy claims to be “dedicated to celebrating, honoring, and sustaining music's past, present and future”. To make good on that commitment, dancehall should be part of that legacy. What are your thoughts guys? Source.
  22. Miss Universe Jamaica 2014 finalist Zandrea Bailey has died after a long battle with lupus. Bailey, 29, died this morning in a New York hospital where she had been admitted for the past several weeks. She was diagnosed with lupus in 2012. In a 2017 interview with the Flair Magazine, she recounted how her father helped her through the illness. “He would sleep on my bed at nights to help me go to the bathroom,” she recounted. In 2014, Bailey lost her mother to lupus and that same year, she emerged as a finalist in the Miss Universe Jamaica pageant. Source: Jamaica Gleaner.
  23. What are your thoughts folks?
  24. Rasta in Jamaica, I hate to say, is looking increasingly archaic, decrepit, medieval and incongruous and out of touch with where people are today in the land of Bob Marley, writes Dotun after his visit to the Caribbean island. HAVING BEEN jet-propelled from overseas back home to the UK and after touching down on an international runway, one of the first persons that I sat down and reasoned with upon my return was Peter Herbert OBE. If you don’t know him, he’s the well-known QC and part-time judge who founded the Society Of Black Lawyers many years ago (he is now its current president) and who apparently received his gong from Her Majesty “for services to troublemaking” (his words, not mine). Having said that, he spends much of his time overseas nowadays, in Kenya, where by all accounts he is running tings. I’m not surprised. Like I’ve always said, we have an immense amount of talent in this country and if Britain doesn’t want it, then it should be ‘back to Africa’ for us. HERITAGE Whilst Herbert has been in the UK for Christmas and the new year, I’ve been in Jamaica, where I received a right old welcome to jam rock. I was greeted by local journalists and politicians who had been awaiting my arrival since that article I wrote for this very newspaper about the United Nations’ acknowledgement of reggae as an intangible global cultural heritage. To recap, I essentially said “one good thing about reggae is when it hits you, you feel no pain”. That earned me a reprimand from the Jamaican Minister of Culture, Olivia ‘Babsy’ Grange, who invited me to come to Jamaica – presumably to see for myself that another good thing about reggae is it brings the tourists’ dollars into our lickle island in the sun. Anyway, they didn’t flog me – thankfully – when I arrived at Norman Manley International airport. They don’t do that to troublemakers anymore in the land of wood and water. Not since the direct influence of empire. Jamaica has changed. And it’s changed dramatically since I first went there 38 years ago. And I’m not sure that change has been for the good. All those years ago, most of the yutes felt that rasta was the livity. I’m not sure if they still do. At the beginning of 1981, something like one in every four or five young men and women on the streets was a dreadlocks (anecdotally, I know, but I saw this with mine own eyes). It’s not the same anymore. Indeed, you barely see anybody under 50 sporting dreadlocks in Jamaica nowadays (anecdotally, I know, but I saw this with mine own eyes, too). Rasta in Jamaica, I hate to say, is looking increasingly archaic, decrepit, medieval and incongruous and out of touch with where people are today in the land of Bob Marley. In reality, of course, rasta – being a Jamaican original – will always be umbilically tied to the critical thinking of the island, it’s just simply that it no longer leads the conversation and many of its platitudes seem somewhat hollow in the echo of the influence of the big brother USA to the north. Like I say, I hate to say it but to go to Jamaica 38 years on, it’s like the people there don’t love God no more. I’m talking God in the kingly character of His Imperial Majesty, the Emperor Haile Selassie I, King of Kings, Lord of Lords, Conquering Lion of the Tribe of Judah, High Elect of God, Ever-Livng God, Earth’s Rightful Ruler. Jah know. I don’t even think that if Selassie touched down today at Norman Manley International there would be the same scenes of mayhem and euphoria to greet him at the airport as there were in 1966 when H.I.M. touched down in the Jamaican capital and thousands of rastas rushed the runway in ecstasy. For one thing, most of Jamaica’s rastas today would be hobbling rather than rushing – on Zimmer frames. So why does this matter? Well, rasta was the intellectual, philosophical and cultural conscience of Jamaica. Like I said, it led the conversation for a generation. And, of course, it was one of the island’s spiritual anchors. Perhaps it’s more dynamic. It didn’t just echo Garvey in interpreting the ‘Jamaican condition’ but it also offered cultural and intellectual ‘reasoning’ through discourse, literature and, of course, reggae music. Rasta and reggae united were a force to contend with back in the ‘70s and ‘80s and still today, reggae artists pay lip service to rasta – but rarely do they live by it (or by bread alone, where jerk pork is on the menu). Jamaica has lost its cultural edge. Africa, on the other hand, is picking it up. According to Peter Herbert, in Kenya and right across Africa, rasta is the new black (so to speak, or not as the case may be). The new African is a rasta. Rasta, the back-to-Africa philosophy of Jamaica, is coming home in other words, spiritually,culturally, philosophically and politically. EMBED Don’t be surprised if the next ‘third world’ superstar (or, if you prefer, ‘the next Bob Marley’) emerges from this repatriation of African Jamaican spiritual philosophy to the continent of its inspiration. Of course it will take a while for the African connection to gel and for rasta to embed itself into the DNA of the continent, not least because it is going to get a fight from the establishment (the same fight that the original dreads from creation got in Jamaica), with rasta being the antithesis of the neo-colonialism and corruption that has become acceptable by so many peoples of the continent as their wealth and dignity is filched by those who claim or assume power. But when rasta dominates the African landscape to the same extent that it did once upon a time in the hills and valleys of Jamaica, Africa will be great again, no doubt. Jamaica’s loss is Africa’s gain. Source.
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